Thesis and Research Topics in Computer Networking
Computer Networking is a field that deals with the creation of networks to connect different devices for communication. This field has evolved a lot in the recent times with better and faster communication networks. A simple network consists of a communicating device like computers, switches, and routers connected through wires or wireless signals. Client and server are an important part of the network. A client requests for service or information from a server. There are certain protocols laid down for the establishment, operation, and management of a network. There are various topics in computer networking which have a huge scope for research as well as for M.Tech thesis.
Here is the list of current topics in computer networking for thesis and research:
- Wireless Sensor Networks
- Wireless ad hoc Networks
- Wireless Local Area Network
- Network Security
- Software-defined Networks(SDN)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN)
Wireless Sensor Network or WSN is a spatially distributed network of sensor nodes to track environmental and physical conditions like temperature, pressure, humidity etc. This data is transferred to a central location through the network. The main components of this network are:
- Transducer – To generate electrical signals
- Microprocessor – To process and store collected data
- Transceiver – To transmit and receive signals
- Battery – To provide power to the sensor nodes
This network can have a star topology, tree topology or mesh topology based on the requirement.
Characteristics of Wireless Sensor Networks
WSN has the following main characteristics:
- Constraints on nodes regarding power consumption following the concept of energy harvesting.
- Adaptability to node failures.
- Design of the network is cross-layer.
- Highly scalable network.
- Easy deployment.
Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks
- Traffic Monitoring
- Video Surveillance
- Rapid Emergency Response
- Health Tracking
- Industrial Monitoring
- Dynamic Routing Management
Thesis Topics in Wireless Sensor Networks
Wireless Sensor Network is an active area of research as well as for M.Tech thesis. Following are the trending thesis topics under WSN:
- To increase the efficiency of underwater aquatic networks using the vector-based technique
- To enhance the efficiency of the wireless sensor network using adaptive modulation
- Enhancement in RFID protocol to reduce packet loss in Wireless sensor networks
- To ensure privacy in an opportunistic type of networks
- Enhancement in Divide and conquer rule to reduce battery consumption in WSN
- Heterogeneous enhanced energy efficient protocol with static clustering in WSN
- To reduce bitrate error in OFDM Kalman filters
- TO detect and isolate misdirectional attack in wireless sensor networks
- To detect and isolate sinkhole attack in wireless sensor networks
- To detect and isolate black hole attack in wireless sensor networks
- To propose a hybrid technique for topology distribution in wireless body area networks
- To propose hybrid MAC protocol for channel sensing in wireless body area networks
- To maintain data consistency in cooperative Caching based wireless sensor networks
- Enhancement in BLAC protocol for balancing energy consumption in WSN
- To enhance the LPS-FMP protocol to reduce energy consumption and fault mgmt. in WSN
- To propose a new framework for secure and energy efficient data discrimination in WSN
- Enhancement in energy efficient SNR based dynamic clustering protocol for WSN
Wireless ad hoc Networks
Wireless ad hoc Network or WANET is a type of wireless network and unlike wired networks, it does not depend upon the pre-existing infrastructure. In this network, each node takes part in routing and these nodes are free to move. Routing algorithms are used to forward data from one node to another in the network. The network is self-configurable and dynamic.
Routing in Wireless ad hoc Networks
There are three types of routing in wireless ad hoc Networks:
- Proactive Routing – Frequently distributes routing tables in the network by maintaining a new list of destinations and routes.
- Reactive Routing – Route is determined on the basis of user and traffic using message Route Request.
- Hybrid Routing – It is a combination of proactive and reactive routing protocols.
Applications of Wireless Ad-hoc Networks
The applications of wireless ad-hoc Networks can be classified as:
- Mobile Ad-hoc Networks(MANETs)
- Wireless mesh network
- Army tactical MANETs
- Smart Lighting
- Hospital Ad-hoc Networks
Thesis Topics in Wireless Ad-hoc Networks
Following are the list of topics in wireless ad-hoc networks for thesis:
- Enhancement in DSR routing protocol to reduce link failure in MANET
- Enhancement in AODV routing protocol to overcome congestion problem in MANET
- To propose hybrid multicasting technique for audio and data transmission in MANET’s
- To propose a hybrid technique for path establishment using natural computing in MANET’s
- To prevent and isolate Black hole attack in MANET
- To propose and evaluate efficient reactive routing algorithm for the prevention of jellyfish attack in MANET
- To propose a trust-based mechanism for the isolation of wormhole attack in MANET’s
- The HYBRID cluster based routing in MANET’s for high packet delivery ratio.
- A Novel Arbitration-Based distributed group mutual exclusion algorithm for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks.
- A Novel Arbitration-Based distributed group mutual exclusion algorithm Using Token Based Scheme for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks.
- To compare various reactive, proactive and hybrid protocols for MANET and improve efficient protocol using a bio-inspired technique.
- To detect and isolate jamming attack in MANET
- To detect and isolate selective packet drop attack
- To propose and evaluate improvement in ZRP protocol to reduce routing overhead in MANET’s
- To propose a novel technique for the isolation of ARP spoofing in MANET’s
- A novel approach for enhancing RED Algorithm under Flooding Based Distributed Denial of Service Attacks
Wireless Local Area Network(WLAN)
Wireless Local Area Network or WLAN is a wireless network of two or more devices mainly used in homes, offices, schools. WLAN is based on IEEE 802.11 standard and is popular as Wi-Fi. There are two modes of operation of WLAN:
- Infrastructure mode
- Ad hoc mode
The coverage area of the network is limited to a few meters and has a single access point to the internet. The components of the wireless network are referred to as stations. The stations that provide wireless routing are known as access points while the other components such as laptops, smartphones are wireless clients in the network.
Applications of Wireless Local Area Network
WLAN has a number of applications from small home-based networks to large area networks. Various restaurants and hotels provide WLAN hotspots to access the internet. Its applications can also be found in homes, schools, colleges, and offices.
Network Security includes a set of policies and activities designed to protect the integrity of the network and its associated data. It aims to prevent any unauthorized access and misuse of the computer network and its resources. A valid username and password are provided to the users of the network. There are three principles of network security referred to as CIA:
- Confidentiality – To prevent any unauthorized access
- Integrity – To ensure that network assets are handled in an authorized manner
- Availability – To ensure that authorized users have proper access to the network
In order to ensure the safety of the network, a firewall is used to monitor the incoming and the outgoing traffic with a set of predefined security standards. In simple terms, it acts as the defense between the internal network and the external network and filters the traffic between these networks.
Types of Network Security
There are different types of network security such as:
- Application Security – This type of security protects the applications from the outside attack
- Email Security – Email security is vital to prevent any kind of security breach
- Wireless Security – To ensure the safety of the wireless networks
- Network Access Control – Providing authorized access to the network
It is a very good area for thesis and research in computer networking field. There are a number of sub-fields under network security which can become the base of research in network security.
Vehicular Ad-hoc Network or VANET has received a lot of attention in the recent years. It is one of the interesting topics in computer networking for thesis as well as for research. This technology mainly finds its applications in road and vehicle safety. It is the application of Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET). VANET employs short-range technologies like WLAN, LTE for communication. To study the performance of this network, simulators like SUMO, NetSim are used.
There are various applications of VANETs such as platooning, electronic brake lights, emergency services, traffic monitoring, etc.
A more standardized network exists under the name Intelligent vehicular ad-hoc network that uses WiFi IEEE 802.11p and WiMAX IEEE 802.16 standards for better communications between the vehicles. Position-based routing is used in these types of networks for vehicle-vehicle and vehicle-roadside communication.
Thesis Topics in VANET
Here is the list of thesis topics under VANET:
- To propose secure authentication mechanism for cluster-based vehicular ad-hoc networks.
- The hybrid technique for the detection and isolation of Sybil attack in VANET’s
- The hybrid technique for the detection and isolation of Grayhole attack in VANET’s
- To propose an improvement in broadcasting technique for route establishment to reduce network delay.
- The improvement in cluster-based routing for the fast handoff in VANET’s.
- The novel MAC protocol for an efficient channel sensing in VANET’s.
- To propose a weight based technique for the selection of cluster head in cluster-based routing in VANET’s
It is a type of software-based networking that uses open protocols like OpenFlow to access the network and its resources. It is a dynamic and cost-effective area of networking suitable for high-bandwidth and dynamic applications. The SDN architecture has the following main characteristics:
- Centrally managed
- Based on open standards
- Directly programmable
- Configured programmatically
- Highly agile network
Applications of SDN
The main applications of software-defined networking are:
- SDMN(Software-defined Mobile Networking)
- SD-WAN(Software-defined Wide Area Network)
- SD-LAN(Software-defined Local Area Network)
- Group Data Delivery
This field has a huge potential for research and is an interesting topic in computer networking field.
These were the hot topics in computer networking for thesis and research. Writemythesis offers help in these topics for M.Tech and Ph.D. thesis and research. Contact Writemythesis for any kind of help related to networking thesis.
Network Simulation Tools
Network Simulation tools or Network Simulators are types of software used to study the behavior of the computer networks. It gives users the ability to test real devices and applications in a network. Here is the list of commonly used network simulators having different features:
NS2 – It is an open-source, discrete event simulator for simulation of routing protocols in wired and wireless networks. Writemythesis offers thesis in NS2 for M.Tech and Ph.D.
NS3 – Uses C++ and Python language for simulation of wired and wireless networks.
OPNET – It is a commercial network simulator that uses C/C++ language for simulation of communication networks and distributed systems.
OMNeT++ – Uses C++ language for simulation of computer networks.
NetSim – Uses Java programming language for simulation of voice and data communication.
REAL – Uses C language to study the dynamic behavior and congestion control in packet switch data networks.
QualNet – It is another commercial network simulator that uses C++ to implement new protocols.
MIMINET – Uses Python language for simulation of software-defined networks.